Lesson Bundle : War & Conflict - KS2


KS2 lessons to explore how conflicts start, between individuals and groups, and consider how these can be resolved through compromise and trying to understand things from another point of view. Learn about some recent conflicts between, and within, different countries. Lessons include: Terrorism, Mediation: Resolving Conflict, Riots of Summer 2011, The War in Afghanistan, Working For Peace, The Troubles in Northern Ireland


This lesson explores what terrorism means, what terrorists do, and why. Children are asked to consider acts of terror in recent and not so recent history, and to think about why one person’s ‘terrorist’ can sometimes be another person’s ‘freedom fighter’. It is suitable for upper KS2. Links: keeping safety

Cross-curricular links: history

Learning Activities:

  • Peaceful ways of bringing about change
  • A Pelmanism game (being observant)
  • How to keep safe


Mediation: Resolving Conflict

This lesson explores how conflicts can be resolved by looking at things fairly, listening carefully and trying to stand in the other person’s shoes. It also looks at how mediators can help negotiate solutions that can be agreed to by both parties. Links: community, respect

Cross-curricular links: literacy, art and design

Learning Activities:

  • Learning and practising mediation skills
  • Writing own story in the style of ‘The Short Tale of a Lemon’ to illustrate sharing and negotiation
  • Creating silhouette designs


Riots of Summer 2011

An important lesson for upper KS2 that will help children debate and make sense of the events of August 2011. It also has current relevance to gang crime. The PowerPoint explores the possible underlying reasons for the unrest, what happened, the terrible toll, as well as the positive outcomes. It explores the issue of crime and punishment and the role of government. Links: keeping safety

Learning Activities:

  • Writing using ‘emotion’ cards
  • Empathy role play
  • ‘It’s not easy to say no’. Peer pressure discussion and role play
  • Cautionary tales
  • Role models 
  • Scapegoating

    "A great synthesis of facts opinions and questions which will inform and hopefully provoke healing and learning."

    "Excellent resource nicely put together and some great questions"


The War in Afghanistan

This lesson explores the causes of the war in Afghanistan and the resulting loss of life. It features stories of bravery. Suitable for upper KS2.

Cross-curricular links: Literacy, art, ARMED FORCES DAY

Learning Activities:

  • Persuasive writing on the subject of landmines
  • Making a unity hand wreath
  • Peace posters
  • Creating a peace bank


Working For Peace

This lesson looks at the causes of conflict and areas of the world where there is strife. It explains the role of the UN and how some charities work for reconciliation. Suitable for Year 4 upwards. Links: community, WORLD KINDNESS DAY

Cross-curricular links: Geography

Learning Activities:

  • How can we make the world a more peaceful place
  • 5 x Co-operative games

Linked assembly:
Nasim lives in Afghanistan. As a result of war he is responsible for earning money to feed his family. Despite his circumstances he still has hope for the future. The children are asked to reflect on a personal difficulty, and to imagine a positive outcome.


The Troubles in Northern Ireland

This lesson outlines the factors that led to the ‘troubles’ in Northern Ireland. This lesson provides an opportunity to learn about different perspectives, what it feels like to be an outsider, and conflict resolution. Suitable for upper KS2. Links: community, equality

Cross-curricular links: Literacy, history, art

Learning Activities:

  • Looking at paintings 
  • ‘Insiders’ and ‘Outsiders’
  • The Children’s Movement for Peace
  • Celebration of World Peace Day