Lesson Bundle : Political & Economic Issues - KS2


Lessons to help KS2 children consider how governments provide public services such healthcare and education and how this is paid for by taxes. How do governments support people who are particularly vulnerable? What global issues impact on governments' ability to provide for all their citizens? How do we ensure people can support themselves by being paid a fair wage for the work they do? Lessons include: Hard Times, Why do we Pay Taxes?, Fairtrade: Have a Banana, Our Interconnected World, EU Referendum, The Benefits System and a free 7th lesson Democracy

Hard Times

This lesson explores the causes and effects of hard times. It helps children understand the meaning of ‘recession’ and ‘interest' and encourages children to re-use in order to save money. 

Cross curricular links: Numeracy

Learning Activities

  • Working out interest rates
  • Thinking about how we could re-use old things
  • Carrying out a survey of shops in the area


Why do we Pay Taxes?

Through this lesson we learn how the welfare state ensures a basic level of care for all citizens. It includes the role of the Chancellor and how taxes are levied. Suitable for KS2.

Cross-curricular links: Maths

Learning Activities:

  • Being Chancellor for a day
  • Discussion about children voting
  • Survey of parental attitudes re. tax


Fairtrade: Have a Banana

This lesson explores how Fairtrade can create a more equal market for the independent producer. It also includes the health giving properties of a banana. 

Cross curricular links: Literacy, Drama

Learning Activities

  • Compare independent farmers and big producers
  • Persuasive letter writing exercise (support for differentiation provided)
  • Hot seating/role play activity


Our Interconnected World

This lesson explores how events in one part of the world can have a global impact, taking the examples of the war in Syria, the Ebola crisis and fluctuating oil prices. It is suitable for upper KS2. Links: community, medicines

Cross-curricular links: Literacy, Geography, Art, IT

Learning Activities:

  • An investigation of where in the world everyday items are made
  • Writing a plea for peace to the General Secretary of the UN
  • Developing an illustrated pamphlet entitled ‘WHO Cares’ after looking at the work of the WHO
  • Creating posters from metaphors

Linked assembly: 
This assembly uses the example of the villagers of Eyam, and a nurse who volunteered her services to fight Ebola in West Africa, to show how real generosity involves putting the needs of others before our own.


International trade after Brexit

In this lesson we learn about trade within the context of leaving the European Union. It introduces the concepts of importing and exporting and trade agreements in a simple way. Links: fairtrade


Cross-curricular links: Geography


Learning Activities:

Trading activity

The biggest exporting countries

True of False

The Benefits System

This lesson is a reminder that the benefits system is a safety net that is used by us all in times of need. The PowerPoint poses a number of questions on contentious issues to stimulate discussion. Suitable for upper KS2. Links: keeping safe, homeless, family, community

Cross-curricular links: critical thinking

Learning Activities:

  • Feelings timeline
  • Vote on benefit cut options
  • Avoiding misconceptions